Browse Author: Sophia

Low Protein Dog Food For Your Pet Dog

Low protein dog food is generally suggested by veterinarians for your dog for certain health conditions. Protein is basic for the proper development and advancement of dogs and in addition the upkeep of their immune systems. Likewise, the right extent of protein in food expended is required for the generation and repair of body tissue. Thus, such foods are normally accessible by prescription and even yet if you can get hold of them without a solution, it won’t be a smart thought to do this without expert guidance as dogs, for the most part, require 25% of the protein in their diets.

Low protein dog food is specially formulated food with a protein content that is lower than that of general dog foods. It isn’t a smart idea to put your pet on a low protein diet unless it is suggested by a veterinarian as dogs regularly require more protein in their diets.

Why Would My Dog Need Low Protein Food?

The fundamental reason a veterinarian may have for setting your dog on a low protein diet is if the dog is experiencing an intense medical issue and not due in light of the fact that they are beginning to age. A portion of the afflictions that require a low protein diet includes Glomerulonephritis, intense or unending kidney disappointment, intrinsic or hereditary kidney issues, kidney disappointment because of ailments caused by parasites, urinal stones, and inborn heart disappointment.

Such food comes in two sorts; dried and in packs and in addition in the canned assortment which is moister. This dog food can be found in pet stores, veterinarian workplaces and in strength dog food stores. Read more about low protein dog food here –

The medical problems that would expect you to give low protein dog food to your dog are;

· Tendency for urinary stones

· Congestive heart failure

· Genetic kidney issues

· Congenital kidney infection

· Chronic kidney failure

· Acute kidney failure

· Glomerulonephritis

· Kidney failure

At the point when your veterinarian is composing the remedy, do educate him or her that you need a low protein dog food that is high in quality. Alongside that, there are different characteristics that must be taken a gander at in light of the fact that when your dog has kidney sickness there are typically other nourishing issues that go with it. Things to search for incorporate;

1. Low phosphorus levels – phosphorus in high sums can cause calcium and potassium imbalance.

2. The protein in the food ought to be simple for your dog to absorb. This will guarantee less develop of poisons in its body and less waste for its wiped out kidneys to process.

3. You should choose a dog food that has every natural fixing. Having additives will give the dog’s kidneys and liver more work which will just intensify its condition.

4. Ensure you get a low protein dog food with high Vitamin D3 levels

5. It is preferable that the food that has large amounts of calcium as your dog will experience difficulty engrossing calcium thus it must be accessible in high sums.

Low protein dog food isn’t only a diet prevailing fashion for dogs; it is influenced specifically for dogs that to have issues which influence their kidneys. These sorts of dog foods should just be given to your dog if suggested by a veterinarian as dogs need a proper measure of protein. Your veterinarian will walk you through the procedure and you can talk about every one of your inquiries and worries with him or her. It is essential that you don’t settle on your choice in view of the counsel of companions, family and blog entries. Your choice ought to be founded on the recommendation of an expert.

Neutering dogs and bitches important information


Neutering Female Dogs – Things to Consider

What is involved?

To neuter (spay) a female dog means to do a complete ovariohysterectomy. Which means the surgical removal of the ovaries and the uterus.
There are some distinct physiological advantages to neutering females, but few behavioural benefits. For some bitches with behavioural issues such as aggression or nervousness neutering can actually be detrimental.Physical Advantages

Spaying certainly can benefit bitches with regard to reducing the risk of mammary and ovarian cancer. It also reduces the risk of pyometra – this can occur in bitches following a season and can be life threatening if not caught early. It can be said that these advantages have to potential to increase life expectancy. The other obvious advantage is the prevention of unwanted pregnancies, and unwanted attention from males.

Potential Physical Disadvantages

If spaying occurs too early, it is common for females to suffer oestrogen deficient urinary incontinence. The lack of oestrus can cause a weakness in the sphincter muscles causing urine leakage and lack of bladder control. If this occurs it is a permanent condition that may require long term medication.

Behavioural Effects

Unlike males, spaying bitches does not have a calming effect on behaviour. In fact neutering can have adverse affects on serotonin levels in the brain which can result in increased aggression, and can also increase nervousness in females that show these tendencies prior to neutering.
Spaying before the development of sexual maturity can also cause paedomorphic behaviour, (locking dogs into a juvenile psychological state) preventing natural emotional maturity. Dogs will remain ‘giddy’ and retain low attention spans.


It is important to allow females to mature both physically and mentally before considering surgery. Many vets recommend spaying at six months – this is far too early. Bitches should be allowed to mature enough to have had at least one season. The age that this occurs will depend on the breed and the individual. Once the bitch has had a season, you should wait at least 3 months before neutering. Bitches will produce progesterone for the normal gestation period of a pregnancy (9 weeks) following a season, whether they are pregnant or not. You should NEVER spay a bitch during this period of hormone production. Cutting off hormones in the middle of the cycle can CAUSE long term behavioural problems. Once the bitch has had a season, there is absolutely no rush.

Neutering and weight gain

This is one concern that many people have in connections to neutering their dogs. It is true to say that some dogs may experience changes in their metabolism following neutering. This is not a problem in itself. Weight gain will occur however if the feeding levels remain the same. It is important to monitor dogs post neutering as it may be necessary to adjust food intake to balance out metabolic changes. Often it is just a case of a slight reduction of the amount of daily food given. I always neuter my dogs, and have never had an overweight dog!

Before deciding whether to spay your female dog, carefully consider all the pros and cons. If your bitch is of sound temperament, there certainly are health benefits that could potentially increase their life span.
Bitches that display aggression or nervouseness, seek the advice of a qualified canine behaviourist before making any decision, as spaying may make these problems more severe.


Neutering Male Dogs – Timing

There are so many different schools of thought about neutering, it can be confusing for owners to make an informed decision as to the right age to get their dog neutered, or indeed whether they should get them neutered at all.In general terms I would be an advocate of neutering. Unless you are considering responsible breeding practices or are serious about showing your dog professionally, there is no good reason not to neuter your dog. It has many health and behavioural benefits, as well as helping to reduce the amount of unwanted dogs that are destroyed every year. However, it is important to consider the timing of such procedures in order to reap the maximum benefit, and reduce the risk of detrimental health problems, which can occur if neutering is carried out too early.

Benefits of Neutering Male Dogs

Castrated males are less likely to be aggressive or be aggressed upon by other male dogs, and will be less likely to exhibit escape behaviour and roaming. It also removes the risk of testicular cancer.
Unneutered mature male dogs will scent mark, which can contribute to house training problems. This behaviour is not connected to the need to empty their bladder; rather they will leave small splashes of urine in strategic areas to mark territory. That is why males ‘cock’ their leg, so that the urine they leave is at nose level for other dogs, and will not be missed. This behaviour begins when they reach sexual maturity which will vary from dog to dog. Puppies and juvenile males squat until such time as their testosterone levels begin to rise.

Optimal Time to Neuter Male Dogs

Large breeds mature slower than small dogs, and even within the same breed development times will vary between individuals. This is why it is inadvisable to specify that males should be neutered at a specific age. The optimum time for neutering of males is when they first begin to tentatively lift their leg when urinating. This shows that the particular dog is beginning to sexually mature. If neutering occurs at this time it will reap the maximum benefits, prevent the development of scent marking behaviour, and other testosterone related issues, such as inter dog aggression and roaming.

Implications of Neutering Too Early


Males that are castrated before reaching maturity often grow taller than they should, as the lack of dihydrotestosterone fails to signal the cessation of bone growth at the normal time. This can result in dogs that are too long in the leg and occasionally can cause disproportionate growth between the fore and hind legs, putting pressure on the skeletal structure, in particular the hips and spine.
There also seems to be some evidence of a link between osteosarcoma (bone cancer) and prepubescent castration in male dogs.


From a behavioural perspective, my own observations over the course of many years suggest that neutering males before they mature has the effect of ‘locking’ dogs into a juvenile psychological state. This can result in dogs that do not develop emotional maturity, remain ‘giddy’ and retain a shorter attention span.
Neutering Older DogsBehavioural benefits of neutering, reduce if castration is carried out when dogs are well in to maturity. In the case of scent marking and inter-dog aggression for example – although testosterone was the driving force behind the original behaviour, it will soon become normal and established behaviour for the individual dog. Removal of testosterone due to castration may have little or no effect. Although there may be other benefits of later neutering, well established behaviours may not necessarily improve following the procedure.

Neutering and weight gain

This is one concern that many people have in connection to neutering their dogs. It is true to say that some dogs may experience changes in their metabolism following neutering. This is not a problem in itself. Weight gain will occur however if the feeding levels remain the same. It is important to monitor dogs post neutering as it may be necessary to adjust food intake to balance out metabolic changes. Often it is just a case of a slight reduction of the amount of daily food given. I always neuter my dogs, and have never had an overweight dog!

Neutering is a very personal choice. My best advice to owners is to read as much on the subject as possible, talk to your vet, and make the decision that you feel is right for your own dog.

Behaviour Modification

Behaviour modification is a specialist area, and differs from dog obedience problems. Many factors need to be taken into account. Early experience, socialisation, environment, diet, medical conditions, and training can all contribute to problem behaviour.

Therefore a detailed history of the problem is the first step to an accurate diagnosis. As each dog is genetically different and has had different experential learning, it is important that correct diagnosis of the problem and appropriate behaviour modification techniques are identified. Therefore it is important to seek professional advice from a qualified Behaviourist.

Private Dog Training

Private dog training and obedience lessons available from SmartDogs.

Dog training with SmartDogs is not just about training your dog. It is also about teaching you the skills for successful training. Learn how to use positive reinforcement training today, and you will have mutually enjoyable relationships with your dogs for a lifetime!

The advantages of private one to one training sessions:-

Training tailored to your particular needs.

Flexible appointment times.

Targeting of specific training or behaviour problems.

Training in various environments.

Home visits

Successful Dog Training Tips

Suitable Environments for Learning New Behaviour

When teaching dogs something new, it is important that the environment is free from distractions. Dogs cannot focus on learning new behaviour if they are distracted with sights, sounds and smells. Begin by training in an environment that they are very familiar with, indoors for example, the smaller the room the easier it is to focus your dog’s attention. Keep training sessions short, 5-15 minutes is usually enough for most dogs. If you find that training has been going well and then your dog begins to be unresponsive, you have probably worked them for too long. If this happens, try and ask for an easy action so you can reward them and end the session on a positive note. Avoid training if you are tired or stressed, as you will not have the patients you need and the dog will pick up on your mood which may affect their ability to learn.

Progressing to more Stimulating Environments

If you only ever practice your training in the house, your dog will only respond to the commands indoors. Once your dog has learnt a behaviour, and you are getting reliable results for a command begin increasing the environmental stimulation in gradual stages. Start by practicing your commands in the garden, which has slightly more distractions, but is still a familiar environment. When you are getting reliable results outside in the garden, progress to practicing established commands when you are out walking in a very quiet location. The environment is more interesting and has slightly more distractions.

Avoid attempting any training action if there is too much stimulation near by, or if the dog is in a heightened state – this will only set you up for failure! You must be able to focus your dogs attention, thereby giving your dog the best opportunity to gain success and reward. This will result in more reliable training, improve your dogs focus and help to build confidence in your dog.You can gradually build up to working in more stimulating and distracting environments.

Practice your Training over the Course of Every Day Life

If you do not use it, you lose it! You do not need to neccessarily set aside time every day to practice your training, just use it during the course of everyday life. Ask you dog to do something obedient before giving any type of reward. For instance when feeding, putting on the lead for walks or playing games.

Dog Agility Information

Why Do Dog Agility

The only thing that is more fun than watching dogs do Agility is doing it with your own dog! People are attracted to Agility for a wide variety of reasons:-

Spending ‘quality time’ with their dogs.
Sharing a fun activity and working as a team with their dogs
Building confidence in nervous dogs
Helps active dogs ‘blow off steam’ and helps reduce hyperactivity
Increases mental stimulation
Improves focus
Helps improve basic obedience, and boosts owner control
Strengthens the bond between owners and their dogs

Today, Agility is one of the fastest growing sports and enjoys enormous popularity throughout the UK, Europe, Australia, New Zealand and USA.

What Breeds are Suitable Agility?

Any dog in good physical health can enjoy agility. Possible exceptions may be long backed breeds for example:- dashunds or bassett hounds. For equipment training small/medium breeds need to be 1 year old, large/giant breeds 18 months.Dogs of any age can partake in pre-agility classes.

Dog agility came about in England in 1978, when the organisers of Crufts wanted to fill spare time between the Obedience championships and the Group judging. John Varley and Peter Meanwell conceived the notion of dog Agility – a challenging obstacle course with many elements such as:-
High jumps
Long jumps
Pause table
Weave poles
Tyre jump
Dog Walk
A frame
The demonstration had overwhelming spectator appeal, largely because of the fast pace, challenging obstacles and the contagious enthusiasm displayed by the dogs. Agility incorporates everything that dogs love – running, jumping, climbing, tunnelling, exploring and learning.

Agility Classes

Pre-Agility Classes

All dogs and handlers wishing to progress to Beginners Agility must complete the pre-agility class first.These classes are suitable for dogs of any age and are designed to teach important foundation skills for agility training:-
Directional Handling skills
Target Training
Teaching Balance
Hind Leg Awareness
Developing essential Muscle Groups
And More
Pre-Agility Classes

 Beginners Agility Classes

Only available after completing pre-agility classes.
These classes are only available to mature dogs. Age Requirements:-
Small/Medium breeds -12 months Large/Giant breeds – 18 months

High Jumps
Long Jumps
A Frame
Dog Walk
See Saw
Tyre Jump
Course Navigation
Directional Handling


Unfortunately due to other committments Smartdogs are not currently running agility classes